A cracker is a small explosive device primarily designed to produce a large amount of noise, especially in the form of a loud bang along with any visual effect added.
They have fuses, and are wrapped in a heavy paper casing to contain the explosive compound. Cracker also known as firecracker or noise maker or banger or bunger.
History of Cracker
Firecrackers / Fireworks originated in China.
In traditional Chinese culture, firecrackers were used to scare off evil spirits. The predecessor of the firecracker was a type of heated bamboo, used as early as 200 BC, that exploded when heated continuously.
Contents of Cracker
Cracker / Firecracker are usually made up of cardboard or plastic, with flash powder, cordite, smokeless powder, or black powder as the propellant. This is not always the case, however.
Anything from match heads, kerosene to lighter fluid have been used successfully in making firecrackers. The key to loud firecrackers, however, although in part lying in the propellant substance, is pressure.
The entire firecracker must be very tightly packed in order for it to work best. Flash powder, however, does not need to be packed tightly, and should not be.
How cracker / firecracker were made?
Firecrackers were made by using straw paper to make the body of the firecracker, while the fuse was made of bamboo paper, then stiffened with buckwheat paste.
The bamboo paper was cut into strips of 14 inches (360 mm) long and 1⁄3 inch (8.5 mm) wide, laid on a table; a string of gunpowder was placed at the center with a hollow tube, then twisted up to make a piece of fuse.
The firecracker tubes were made from pieces of straw paper wrapped around iron rods of various diameters and then tightened with a special tool. 200 to 300 firecrackers were tied up in a bunch, then red clay was spread at the bottom of the bunch and forced into each end of the firecracker with a punch; gunpowder was poured in, then the other end was sealed with an awl by turning the tube inward, and a fuse inserted.
Firecrackers are commonly used in celebration of holidays or festivals, such as Diwali & Christmas in India.
Diwali Crackers / Diwali Fireworks
Diwali (Deepavali) is an Indian festival celebrated by lighting lamps, distributing sweets and bursting crackers. Diwali is a family event in many parts of India.
People light up fireworks near their homes and in streets. Additionally, cities and communities have community fireworks. Above all, sparklers gives 100% happiness and very popular among with childrens on diwali nights.
Diwali not only marks bursting cracker, but the glittering lights, boxes of sweets, freshly painted homes, exchange of gifts, family reunions.
Did you know that there are nearly 100+ known brands of Firecrackers! They come in thousands of sizes and variations. Firecrackers first began to appear near the end of the 19th century and they are still being produced today.
Christmas crackers are a traditional Christmas favorite in the UK. They were first made in about 1845-1850 by a London sweet maker called Tom Smith.
Saga of Fireworks Industry
Firecrackers are easily available in India. Firecrackers are used in the Indian festival of light (Diwali), and also for marriage ceremonies. Sivakasi a city located in South India supply Firecrackers to all over India.
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